Zero waste means designing and managing products and processes to systematically avoid and eliminate the volume and toxicity of waste and materials, conserve and recover all resources, and not burn or bury them.
Implementing Zero waste will eliminate all discharges to land, water or air that are a threat to planetary, human, animal or plant health. It refers to waste management and planning approaches which emphasize waste prevention as opposed to end-of-pipe waste management and is a whole system approach that aims for a massive change in the way materials flow through society, resulting in no waste. Zero waste encompasses more than eliminating waste through recycling and reuse, it focuses on restructuring production and distribution systems to reduce waste.
Zero waste is more of a goal or ideal rather than a hard target and provides guiding principles for continually working towards eliminating wastes, but only if we can influence choices over product and packaging design, manufacturing processes, and material selection. By eliminating waste, we can eliminate pollution and reduce costs due to the reduced need for raw materials.
No matter what sector you operate in, the best type of waste is no waste.